(Created page with "'''Newcastle upon Tyne''' (often shortened to '''Newcastle''') is a [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/City_status_in_the_United_Kingdom city] and [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Metrop...")
 
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'''Newcastle upon Tyne''' (often shortened to '''Newcastle''') is a [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/City_status_in_the_United_Kingdom city] and [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Metropolitan_borough metropolitan borough] of [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tyne_and_Wear Tyne and Wear], in [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/North_East_England North East England]. Historically a part of [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Northumberland Northumberland], it is situated on the north bank of the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/River_Tyne River Tyne]. The city developed in the area that was the location of the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roman_Empire Roman] settlement called [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pons_Aelius Pons Aelius],<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-1">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Newcastle_upon_Tyne#cite_note-1]</sup> though it owes its name to the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Newcastle_Castle castle] built in 1080, by [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Curthose Robert II, Duke of Normandy], the eldest son of [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_the_Conqueror William the Conqueror]. The city grew as an important centre for the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wool_trade wool trade] and it later became a major [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coal_mining coal mining] area. The port developed in the 16th century and, along with the shipyards lower down the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/River_Tyne river], was amongst the world's largest [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shipbuilding shipbuilding] and ship-repairing centres. These industries have since experienced severe decline and closure, and the city today is largely a business and cultural centre, with a particular reputation for nightlife.
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'''Newcastle upon Tyne''' (often shortened to '''Newcastle''') is a [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/City_status_in_the_United_Kingdom city] and [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Metropolitan_borough metropolitan borough] of [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tyne_and_Wear Tyne and Wear], in [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/North_East_England North East England]. Historically a part of [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Northumberland Northumberland], it is situated on the north bank of the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/River_Tyne River Tyne]. The city developed in the area that was the location of the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roman_Empire Roman] settlement called [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pons_Aelius Pons Aelius], though it owes its name to the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Newcastle_Castle castle] built in 1080, by [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Curthose Robert II, Duke of Normandy], the eldest son of [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_the_Conqueror William the Conqueror]. The city grew as an important centre for the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wool_trade wool trade] and it later became a major [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coal_mining coal mining] area. The port developed in the 16th century and, along with the shipyards lower down the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/River_Tyne river], was amongst the world's largest [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shipbuilding shipbuilding] and ship-repairing centres. These industries have since experienced severe decline and closure, and the city today is largely a business and cultural centre, with a particular reputation for nightlife.
   
Like most cities, Newcastle has a diverse cross section, from areas of poverty<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-3">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Newcastle_upon_Tyne#cite_note-3]</sup>to areas of affluence.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-jesm_4-1">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Newcastle_upon_Tyne#cite_note-jesm-4]</sup>Among its main icons are [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Newcastle_Brown_Ale Newcastle Brown Ale], a leading brand of beer, [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Newcastle_United_F.C. Newcastle United F.C.], a [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Premier_League Premier League] team, and the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tyne_Bridge Tyne Bridge]. It has hosted the world's most popular [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Half_marathon half marathon], the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_North_Run Great North Run], since it began in 1981.
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Like most cities, Newcastle has a diverse cross section, from areas of poverty to areas of affluence. Among its main icons are [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Newcastle_Brown_Ale Newcastle Brown Ale], a leading brand of beer, [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Newcastle_United_F.C. Newcastle United F.C.], a [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Premier_League Premier League] team, and the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tyne_Bridge Tyne Bridge]. It has hosted the world's most popular [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Half_marathon half marathon], the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_North_Run Great North Run], since it began in 1981.
   
The city is the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_urban_areas_in_England_by_population twentieth most populous urban area in England]; the larger [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tyneside Tyneside conurbation], of which Newcastle forms part, is the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_conurbations_in_the_United_Kingdom sixth most populous conurbation in the United Kingdom].<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-pop_0-1">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Newcastle_upon_Tyne#cite_note-pop-0]</sup>Newcastle is a member of the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/English_Core_Cities_Group English Core Cities Group]<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-6">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Newcastle_upon_Tyne#cite_note-6]</sup>and with [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Metropolitan_Borough_of_Gateshead Gateshead] the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eurocities Eurocities] network of European cities.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-7">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Newcastle_upon_Tyne#cite_note-7 [8]]</sup>
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The city is the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_urban_areas_in_England_by_population twentieth most populous urban area in England]; the larger [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tyneside Tyneside conurbation], of which Newcastle forms part, is the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_conurbations_in_the_United_Kingdom sixth most populous conurbation in the United Kingdom]. Newcastle is a member of the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/English_Core_Cities_Group English Core Cities Group] and with [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Metropolitan_Borough_of_Gateshead Gateshead] the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eurocities Eurocities] network of European cities.
   
 
The [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Regional_nickname regional nickname] for people from Newcastle and the surrounding area is [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geordie Geordie].
 
The [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Regional_nickname regional nickname] for people from Newcastle and the surrounding area is [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geordie Geordie].

Revision as of 16:16, 12 July 2011

Newcastle upon Tyne (often shortened to Newcastle) is a city and metropolitan borough of Tyne and Wear, in North East England. Historically a part of Northumberland, it is situated on the north bank of the River Tyne. The city developed in the area that was the location of the Roman settlement called Pons Aelius, though it owes its name to the castle built in 1080, by Robert II, Duke of Normandy, the eldest son of William the Conqueror. The city grew as an important centre for the wool trade and it later became a major coal mining area. The port developed in the 16th century and, along with the shipyards lower down the river, was amongst the world's largest shipbuilding and ship-repairing centres. These industries have since experienced severe decline and closure, and the city today is largely a business and cultural centre, with a particular reputation for nightlife.

Like most cities, Newcastle has a diverse cross section, from areas of poverty to areas of affluence. Among its main icons are Newcastle Brown Ale, a leading brand of beer, Newcastle United F.C., a Premier League team, and the Tyne Bridge. It has hosted the world's most popular half marathon, the Great North Run, since it began in 1981.

The city is the twentieth most populous urban area in England; the larger Tyneside conurbation, of which Newcastle forms part, is the sixth most populous conurbation in the United Kingdom. Newcastle is a member of the English Core Cities Group and with Gateshead the Eurocities network of European cities.

The regional nickname for people from Newcastle and the surrounding area is Geordie.

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